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Everyday Git Commands

Git is a free and open source distributed version control system and a great one as well! Easy branch creation and jump between branches are some of its greatest features and here are some common commands that I use most of the time, hope this helps.

Set global settings for user information

$ git config --global user.name "[name]"

$ git config --global user.email "[email address]"

Check status

git status

Clone a project and working with branches

$ git clone [https://repository-link]

$ git checkout [branch-name]

Creating a new branch

$ git checkout -b feature/[branch-name]

$ git checkout -b bugfix/[branch-name]

$ git checkout -b release/[branch-name]

Renaming an existing branch

git branch -m bugfix/[branch-name] feature/[branch-name] --> Long version of renaming a branch (from bugfix to feature in this example)

git branch -m {bugfix,feature}/[branch-name]--> Short version of renaming a branch (from bugfix to feature in this example)

Adding changes for commit

$ git add [file] --> This is for adding a single file, following 2 commands are adding all allowed changed files

$ git add -A

$ git add .

Committing and pushing

$ git commit -m "commit message"

$ git push

$ git push --set-upstream [remote] [branch-name]--> If the branch is newly created.

Changing the most recent commit message

$ git commit --amend -m "new commit message"

Pull, fetch and merge

$ git pull

$ git fetch

$ git checkout [branch-you-want-to-merge-into]

$ git merge [branch-you-want-contents-from]

Reset changes

$ git reset [commit]

$ git reset --hard [last-known-good-commit]

$ git reset --hard HEAD~1 -->Undo the last commit, do not keep the changes.

$ git reset --soft HEAD~1 -->Undo the last commit, keep the changes.

Show all ignored files

$ git status --ignored

Check local, remote and all branches

$ git branch

$ git branch -r

$ git branch -a

Delete a local branch

$ git branch -d feature/branch-name

$ git branch -d bugfix/branch-name

$ git branch -d hotfix/branch-name

Delete a remote branch

$ git push origin --delete feature/branch-name

Tag checking and creation

$ git tag

$ git tag -a [tag-name] -m "tag description"

$ git push origin [tag-name]

Start using SSH in a repository where I am currently using HTTPS

$ git remote set-url origin [email protected]:v3/rest-of-your-project-ssh-url

Stash changes

$ git stash -->Save the un-committed changes in a "stash". This will remove changes from working tree.

$ git stash list -->List the stashes

$ git stash apply -->Apply stash to working tree in current branch

$ git stash apply stash@{0} -->Apply the stash 0 - change the number in order to apply other stashes

$ git stash drop stash@{0} -->Remove the stash 0 from stash list - change the number in order to apply other stashes.

$ git stash pop stash@{1} -->Apply the selected stash and remove it from the stash list.

Show all commits of the current branch as well as the parent branch and its commits

$ git log --first-parent

Exit git log history

$ :q -->For exit

$ :h -->For help

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